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Most well known as the birthplace of Buddhism, Bihar possesses great significance in the culture and history of India. Ancient Bihar is well known as Magadha it was center for power and learning in India approximately for 1100 years, it was the home of India’s first empire. In the year 2000 the previously larger state of Bihar was split along tribal lines, thus creating the new state of Jharkhand. Still sharing many commonalities, the two states are often grouped together as one. Geographically, Bihar is a vast region of plains that is drained by the Ganges which runs directly through the state. It has a diverse climate, often very hot in the summer and very cold in the winter. Patna is the capital of Bihar and also one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world with a history that spans over 3000 years. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was one of the most important cities in India and also functioned as a seat of learning and fine arts. The rich culture and heritage of the Patna area is evident from the many ancient monuments that are present throughout the region. Bodhgaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in the Gaya district and is famous for being the place where Gautama Buddha is said to have obtained Enlightenment.
Located in the western region of Bihar, Sasaram is one of the oldest cities in India. Much of this city is focused on its primary attraction, the Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, the Afghan king who ruled over Delhi, much of northern India, some part of Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan for five years He was depeated by the Hymaun Mungal Emperor